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№ 2020/1

Creative discussions on systemic problems of social development

BUBLYK Yevhen 1

1Institute for Economics and Forecasting, NAS of Ukraine


Ekon. prognozuvannâ 2020; 1:142-157https://doi.org/10.15407/eip2020.01.142


The article summarizes current approaches to the theoretical substantiation of the effects of financial openness on emerging economies. The empirical data on the verifying financial openness effects, in particular the promotion of capital inflows into emerging economies and their productive development in the context of globalization processes, are analyzed. An attempt has been made to identify the influence of the interest rate factor on the direction of the redistribution of international capital flows. Generalized the patterns of the distribution of capital movement instruments depending on the level of development of financial institutions and signs of the capital flows’ strong deformation impact on financial markets with underdeveloped institutional environment.
As a result of the analysis, it was found that under the conditions of the ”new normality”, characterized by an increase in the volume of free movement of volatile capital flows, an increase in the level of financial openness, contrary to theoretical provisions, does not directly cause the inflow of foreign capital. At the same time, attracting foreign capital on a free, unregulated basis has a limited impact on economic development and mainly finances only the existing, well-functioning, high-yield markets and industries. Contemporary realities and the approach to the evaluation of foreign direct investment as the most effective and less volatile instruments of attracting foreign capital do not correspond to the current state of things. In today’s context, only a small part of the FDI arrive into the real sector, while the bulk of them are localized in high-yield segments of the financial markets and used for tax evasion.
The lack of direct dependence of international capital flows on the spread of capital yields and the level of financial openness leads to the conclusion that, in addition to the classical factors, the drivers of foreign capital inflow include positive economic dynamics of the recipient country and presence of high-yield markets. At the same time, signs of sustainable economic growth or recession by themselves encourage capital inflow or outflow from the country. At the same time, the presence of a developed financial sector reduces the risks of instability and increases the investment component of financial openness. These conditions form an inverse relationship between macroeconomic dynamics, the level of development of the institutional environment and the change in the level of real financial openness of the economy.

Keywords:economic growth, investments, capital flows, financial openness, financial sector

JEL: E 58, F 31

Article in Ukrainian (pp. 142 - 157) DownloadDownloads :61