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№ 2020/1

Economy under the conditions of modern transformations


KOLOT Аnatolij 1, HERASYMENKO Оksana 2

1Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman
2Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

LABOR 4.0 CONCEPT: THEORETICAL-APPLICABLE PRINCIPLES OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT

Ekon. prognozuvannâ 2020; 1:7-31https://doi.org/10.15407/eip2020.01.007


ABSTRACT ▼

The article presents a scientific and applied substantiation of the construct and argumentation of the components of the new mental model of labor and employment ”Labor 4.0” as a social and labor reality of the beginning of the 21st century. Theoretical and practical provisions are explained to explain the relationship between changes occurring in the surrounding realms (technologies, institutions, etc.) with the transformations of the sphere of labor and employment in their indivisible integrity.
The authors outline new aspects of labor in social activities of the beginning of the 21st century. Outlined the authors vision of a new format of the model of labor and employment, which is adequate to the conditions of the first half of the 21st century. Defined the mega causes of the creation of a new platform of socio-economic and socio-labor development. The authors present external conditions of development and internal characteristics of the model ”Labor 4.0”. It is emphasized that in the author's theoretical construction ”Labor 4.0” appears as a labor paradigm inherent in the new economy on the technological basis of ”Industry 4.0”; and as a platform and institution for utilizing labor resources in the coordinates generated by the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Revealed the features of the components of the new type of labor process, that is, objects of labor, means of labor, and the working person.
Substantiated: the essence of the phenomenon of ”Labor 4.0” through the prism and social and labor dimension of the aggregate worker of the new (digital) economy; globalization processes; forms and types of employment, and related relationships; network based organization of work; content and trajectories of the development of labor processes; labor income, in particular, their level, differentiation, tendencies and dominant; and a new format of social and labor relations. Revealed the influence of demographic component of stagnation of the global economy on social and labor development. Identified the challenges for the social-labor sphere, benefits and losses for the workers, and the new asymmetries of social-labor development that give rise to the present and future formats of globalization.
The authors reveal the influence of the new technical and technological base ”Industry 4.0” on the formation of social and labor platform ”Work 4.0”. Formulated the trends in the area of professional and qualification structure of labor in the new economy and opportunities for expanding the professional field of activity. Emphasized the phenomenon of digital work organization and the dramatic changes in the entire social fabric of the new (digital) economy and post-industrial society.

Keywords:new economy, new globalization, social and labor development, factors of social and labor development, model ”Labor 4.0”


JEL: J00, J21

Article in Ukrainian (pp. 7 - 31) DownloadDownloads :104

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