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№ 2017/4

Economy under the conditions of modern transformations


1Institute for Economics and Forecasting, NAS of Ukraine

Employment in Ukrainian transport sector: size, quality parameters and structural-dynamic characteristics

Ekon. prognozuvannâ 2017; 4:93-108https://doi.org/10.15407/eip2017.04.093


The article presents the results of a study on the size, qualitative parameters and structural-dynamic characteristics of the employment in Ukraine's transport sector. The author analyzes the peculiarities in the distribution of structural changes that have taken place in the sectoral, professional and educational composition of this country's transport labor and measures their depth. The structural shifts are considered as a result of the redistribution of labor between industries, professions and educational levels, as well as employment circulation between different professional and educational segments within the subsectors of Ukrainian transport complex.
Applying the simulation of multiplicative factor systems and the method of decomposition according to the scheme of isolated influence of factors, the author estimates intensity and direction of the changes in the professional characteristics of the employed in Ukraine's transport sector in connection with its branch restructuring. In addition, the article reveals the nature of the interaction between the educational structure of this country's transport labor and the inter-sectoral and inter-professional shifts in the employment.
An imbalance has been revealed in the distribution of Ukrainian employed in the transport sector by professions and education level, and the determination of the nature of these differences made it possible to make reasonable assumptions about their causes and ways of their mitigation.
The main empirical base that made it possible to carry out the presented research is the materials of population surveys on economic activity. And the obtained data array on the dynamics and characteristics of the labor employed in Ukraine's transport sector provides rich analytical material that can be used in determining a government employment policy to be aimed at solving urgent problems of the national labor market.

Keywords: employment, structural changes, Ukraine's transport sector

JEL: J 21

Article in Ukrainian (pp. 93 - 108) DownloadDownloads :215